The most recent large-scale emigration began with the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the war in the former Yugoslavia. War and political shifts compelled many to leave their homes or to seek work elsewhere.
An expanded international awareness of “the Romani question” has resulted in a firmer recognition of Romani as a distinctive minority with a right to its own language, culture and education. However, this support is mainly granted, to those Romani groups who have been living in the same country for several generations. Those who have arrived more recently, often choose to conceal their ethnicity for fear of discrimination or extradition.