Central Europe 1850-1938
In Austria and Hungary, the oppression of the Romani people continued, with compulsory residence, a ban on travel and on the practice of particular trades, and deportations. The arrival of Romani immigrants from the east and south-east was termed an “invasion”, leading to serious tensions between Romani and non-Romani citizens.
Early in the 20th century central Europe was afflicted by war and poverty. The Romani people were regarded as a problem in need of solution. This involved forced labour, deportation and sterilisation.
Hungarian Roma. Everyone in this photo was later deported.
Source: The New York Times, Sunday Feb 12, 1905.