On the road again
In the middle of the 19th century a second migration began. Romani people turned their backs on the slavery and oppression they had suffered in Moldavia, Rumania, the Balkans, Hungary and Slovakia. The industrial revolution was transforming societies and the towns were hungry for manpower. Large numbers of people from different backgrounds were now on the move. Most of the Romani people moved either eastward to Russia or north to Scandinavia, but many also chose Western Europe, North and South America or Australia.
Romani in the world
No one knows how many Romani there are in the world. Statistics are uncertain and the figures given above are only an estimate. The reason for this is that many countries record the presence of far too few Romani, while at the same time many Romani are stateless citizens and reluctant to openly acknowledge their ethnicity.