The initial benevolence with which the Romani people were welcomed in Western Europe,swiftly changed. The residents regarded Romani people as idlers who refused to adapt to society. The fact that they had skills in medicinal herbs and could read futures in the palm of a hand were seen by the church as evidence of heresy.
From the early 16th century onwards, one princely sovereign after another promulgated edicts outlawing Romani people. They were expelled and persecuted, finally culminating in their organised killing.
A warning notice used at the border of the Holy Roman Empire, telling Romani people not to cross.
Source: Henriette,1994: Les Tsiganes. Une destinée européenne.